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2.5 Locate major mountains or mountain ranges in he world such as the Andes, Alps, Himalayas, Mt. Everest, Mt. McKinley, and the Rocky Mountains. (G)

game_icon.svg.pngClick here for games about mountains

lessonplan.jpgClick here for a lesson plan about mountains that includes the students making mountains out of dough.

Multimedia.pngClick here for Jordan Romero's story of climbing the 7 Summits.

The Andes
external image the-andes0.gif-The longest continental mountain range in the world.external image 7-09-05+Inca+Trail5-87-Machu+Picchu-Jos%C3%A9.JPG
-Extends through 7 South American countries including: Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina.
-Mt. Aconagua is its tallest peak at 22,841 feet.
-The Andes is famous for its cultural exchange and for being the home of the Incas.
-In 1972, a Uruguayan plane crash in the Andes isolated 16 survivors, mostly rugby players, for 72 days. They endured temperatures of -30 degrees.

-For more on the Incas, see Massachusetts framework WHI.13

Multimedia.pngClick here for a youtube clip of flying over the Andes.
lessonplan.jpgClick here for a lesson plan on the Andes.

The Alps
external image Alps_location_map.png
external image The_Alps.JPG-One of the great European mountain ranges.
-Stretches from Austria and Slovenia through Italy, Switzerland, France, Monaco, Germany, and Liechtenstein.
- The highest peak is Mont Blanc at 15,782 feet.

Multimedia.pngClick here for a youtube clip of flying over the Alps.

The Himalayas
external image Himalayas.jpgexternal image Himalayas_Map.png

-The highest mountain range in the world, Mount Everest being its tallest peak.
- Located immediately north of India.
-The mountains impact climate, preventing frigid Arctic air from entering India and Tibet.
-The Himalayas, due to their vast sizes, have been a natural barrier to the movement of people for thousands of years. The separation of China and Mongolia presents a key example of this. The barrier helped cause significantly different languages and customs between these regions.
Multimedia.pngClick here for a youtube clip of flying over the Himalayas

The Rocky Mountains
external image IMG_2124_Everest.jpg
external image Rocky_mountains_usa_map.png

-Major North American mountain range stretching from British Columbia to New Mexico in the United States.
-Erosion over millions of years has formed steep valleys and peaks unique to this range.
-The "Rockies" played a part in Lewis and Clark's expedition. Eventually the mountains were exploited for their natural resources and animals for furs.
-Highest peak is Mount Elbert at 14,440 feet.

Multimedia.pngClick here for a youtube clip of flying over the Rockies.

Mt. Everest
external image Everest_kalapatthar_crop.jpg

-Mount Everest
-Tallest mountain in the world at 29,029 feet.
-It is located in the Himalayas.
- In 1953, New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali Sherpa climber from Darjeeling, India became the first to ascendants of Mount Everest.
-On May 24, 2013, a Japanese man, Yuichiro Miura became the oldest person to climb Mt. Everest at 80 years old
-The youngest person to climb Mt. Everest is Jordan Romero, who was 13 when he climbed it in May 2010

Female_Rose.png-In 1975, a Japanese woman named Junko Tabei became the first woman to climb Everest.

timeline2_rus.svg.pngClick here for more Mt. Everest facts, including a timeline of Mt. Everest climbers.

Multimedia.pngClick here for a virtual climb of Mt. Everest.

Mt. McKinley
Picture of High Camp on the West Buttress Route.
Picture of High Camp on the West Buttress Route.

A view of Mt. Mckinley from Denali National Park.
A view of Mt. Mckinley from Denali National Park.

-Located in Alaska
-Mount McKinley or "Denali"
-In the late 1890s, a gold prospector named it McKinley as political support for president William McKinley. The Alaska Board of Geographic Names changed the name of the mountain to Denali, which is how it is referred to locally.
-It is the tallest mountain peak in North America and the third tallest mountain in the world at 20,320 feet.
-The mountain is often associated with extremely cold weather, temperature reaching record lows at -75 degrees with wind-chills reaching -118.
Multimedia.pngClick here for a flightseeing video of Mt. McKinley.

Massachusetts_state_seal.pngMt Greylock
Mt. Greylock before and after the 1901 landslide.
Mt. Greylock before and after the 1901 landslide.

-Tallest mountain in Massachusetts at 3,489 feet.
-A four-day-long landslide in 1901 created what appears to resemble a Native American's face overlooking the Berkshires. See the Legend of Chief Graylock for more.
-The "Thunderbolt" ski trail was originally one of the premier ski areas in New England, and was used by many Olympic skiers in the 1930's and 40's.
-Massachusetts' 10th Mountain Division consisted of Thunderbolt skiers who used their expertise to combat the Germans in the Apennine mountains in Italy during WWII.