<Standard 3.11............................................................................................................Standard 3.13>

3.12 Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.


Massachusetts_state_seal.pngClick here for contact information and other info on the MA historical societies.

The Development of Cooking Tools

Today, there are cooking devices for basically everything. However, in the past, people had to cook using only their surroundings. As a result, the earliest cooking tools consisted of wood and stone. Later on, they became more developed.

Early Cooking
Stones_used_by_Indians_for_grinding_grain.jpg
Grinding Stones Used by Native Americans to Make Grains

  • Most common form of cooking was using fire pits with skewers
  • Used flat stones and grinders
  • Metal was expensive, so most commoners used silverware and other tools made of wood
  • Used salt to preserve food
For more information on early cooking tools, click here.

Native American
  • Used the hides of animals to make boiling sacks, where they could boil food
  • Celts (similar to arrowheads) were used to pound food
  • Grinding tools to grind roots and plants
  • Had clay cooking pots
  • Knives made from wood
For more information, click here

Early American
  • Created clay cooking pots similar to the Native Americans
  • Used grinding stones
  • Bronze and iron tools became more popular later on as they became less expensive
  • Preserving kettles were created in the early 18th century
  • Early pressure cookers were created by the 1890s
For more information, click here.


Mrs._Beeton's_Book_of_Household_Management_(94).jpg
Picture from Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management (1907) showing essential kitchen tools


game_icon.svg.pngClick here for the game "Hunt the Ancestor" from BBC on archeology

Multimedia.pngClick here to watch a youtube video explaining what archeology is to children


lessonplan.jpgClick here, here, or here for lesson plans on the importance of artifacts