<Standard 4.11...................................................................................................................Standard 4.13>

4.12 Identify and describe unique features of the United States (e.g., the Everglades, the Grand Canyon, Mount Rushmore, the Redwood Forest, Yellowstone National Park, and Yosemite National Park).


Rotating_globe-small.gifCahokia


See World History I.12 for information on Cahokia, a city of 15,000 inhabitants created by Native Americans in present Illinois between 1000 and the late 13th century.


Rotating_globe-small.gifWorld Heritage Sites in the United States

Click here for the PBS site "The National Parks: America's Best Idea"

Gila Cliff Dwellings

Cliff Dwellings in Gila Springs, New Mexico
Cliff Dwellings in Gila Springs, New Mexico


Uninhabited since the 13th Century, the Gila Cliff Dwellings were created by Native Americans living in present-day New Mexico.

The Everglades

Map showing the location of the Everglades
Map showing the location of the Everglades
Everglades_(3483396269).jpg
The Everglades

The Everglades are the largest sub-tropical area on the mainland US. It contains rivers, forests, marshes, ponds, swamps, and more. It also houses a wide variety of trees and other plants, as well as a large number of animal species, many of which are endangered.

Click here for more information.
Click here for more on the animals and plants in the Everglades.

lesson_plan_icon.jpgClick here for resources from the National Park Services on the Everglades.


The Grand Canyon


grand_canyon.jpg

Formed by the Colorado River over3-6 million years. 227 miles long and up to 18 miles wide at some points. About 350 species live in the canyon.

For more information, click here.

Multimedia.pngClick here for a virtual tour of the Grand Canyon.

external image Red_apple.jpgNational Geographic offers a lesson plan on the Grand Canyon to help students understand geographical landforms, like canyons, mountains, and plains. It includes many photographs of the Grand Canyon.

Mount Rushmore


Faces of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, T. Roosevelt, and Lincoln
Faces of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, T. Roosevelt, and Lincoln

Created in the 1920s to increase tourism to the Black Hills. Presidents selected for their contributions to America and democracy. 400 workers helped sculpt the faces. 450,000 tons of rock were removed during its creation.

For more information, click here.

Multimedia.pngClick here and here for photos of the carving of Mount Rushmore.

multicultural.pngThe construction of Mount Rushmore was offensive to the Native Americans of the area. Click here to read more about the background of the controversy. There has been discussion of returning the Black Hills to the Native Americans as recent as 2012.

Redwood Forest

Redwood National Park
Redwood National Park
A_thousand_year_old_redwood_tree_2013-04-9_22-54.jpg
This photo provides a good visual of how large the Redwood Trees actually are

california_redwood_map.png
Located in Northern California, redwoods are some of the oldest and biggest trees in the world.

National Geographic has a Redwood Forest page that includes photographs, videos, maps, and an interactive time line linking some of the trees' ages with historic events.



Yellowstone National Park


Clepsydra Geyster in Yellowstone National Park.  Photo on Wikimedia Commons by Daniel Mayer
Clepsydra Geyster in Yellowstone National Park. Photo on Wikimedia Commons by Daniel Mayer

Established in 1872 and became the world's first National Park. Contains hot springs, geysers, mountains, rivers, and forests. It actually has the most geysers and hot springs in the world.

For more information, click here.

Multimedia.pngClick here to watch Old Faithful's eruption
Multimedia.pngClick here for an "e-trip" to Yellowstone National Park.
Multimedia.pngClick here for the PBS companion site for the film "Yellowstone: America's Sacred Wilderness"

Yosemite National Park


Established in 1890. It is about the same size as the state of Rhode Island. It is most famous for Yosemite Falls and its valley. The valley is about one mile wide and seven miles long.

For more information, click here.

Multimedia.pngView Webcams from different locations throughout the Parkincluding 2,425-foot Yosemite Falls.


El Capitan, Yosemite National Park
El Capitan, Yosemite National Park

Rotating_globe-small.gifFor material on national parks as Native American homelands, see United States History II.4