<Standard 5.9.....................................................................................................................Standard 5.11>

Identify the first 13 colonies and describe how regional differences in climate, types of farming, populations, and sources of labor shaped their economies and societies through the 18th century

Topics on the Page

Differences Among Colonies
Government and Types of Colonies
Native Americans in the Colonies
Order of Ratification of the Constitution


Focus Question: How did regional differences in climate, types of farming, populations, and sources of labor shape the economies and societies of the first 13 colonies during the 18th century?


Differences Among the Colonies


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  • New England Colonies: Long, cold winters; major industries were fishing, shipmaking, lumbering, and trade
  • Middle Colonies: Good climate for farming; major crops were wheat, barley, rye; larger ethnic diversity in population
  • Southern Colonies: Rich soil and warm climate; main industry tobacco plantations


Screen Shot 2017-03-18 at 11.16.22 AM.pngRap video on differences between Colonial Regions
Multimedia.pngVideo lecture by high school history teacher Jeff Raymond

Screen Shot 2017-02-21 at 10.27.35 AM.pngExplore the town of Williamsburg on this interactive map

Government and Types of Colonies

  • Royal Colony: Governor chosen by the King of England
  • Charter Colony: Members of a corporation; electors controlled the government
  • Proprietary Colony: Owned by individuals with direct responsibility to the King


Screen Shot 2016-04-21 at 9.41.22 AM.pngNative Americans in the Original Colonies

external image Bandera_Narragansett.PNG


external image OrteliusWorldMap.jpegClick here for a map of Native American Tribes in North America (1783) from the Mapping History Project at the University of Oregon.
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external image OrteliusWorldMap.jpegClick here for interactive maps on the Development of Native American Culture to 1500, also from the Mapping History Project at the University of Oregon that includes views of cultural areas, materials used for clothing, population density, sources of food, and linguistic divisions.

Some colonies relied on the enslavement of Native populations for wealth and growth -- although this waned with the rise of the African slave trade.

This article discusses colonial Germ Warfare on Native Americans, including the distribution of smallpox blankets by Lord Jeffrey Amherst.

rotating gif.gifFor more on Native Americans and their relationships to European settlers, see Grade 5.6


Female_Rose.pngWomen in the Colonies

Screen Shot 2017-04-04 at 2.17.29 PM.pngLGBTQ+ in Colonial America
  • ATTN partnered with Colonial Williamsburg to write this article on the surprising roles of LGBTQ+ people and awareness in Colonial America


Order of Ratification of the Constitution by Colony

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Delaware
Pennsylvania
New Jersey
Georgia
Connecticut
Massachusetts
Maryland
South Carolina
New Hampshire
Virginia
New York
North Carolina
Rhode Island






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Lesson Plan for Younger Students

Image IDs from left to right

1. Narragansett Indian Tribe Flag Wikimedia Commons, "Bandera Narragansett".
2. Onedia Indian Tribe Flag Wikimedia Commons, "Bandera Oneida".
3. 13 Original Colonies University of Texas at Austin, Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection - Cambridge Modern History Atlas, 1912, "The Thirteen Original Colonies at the End of the Colonial Period".