<Standard 5.27........................................................................................................................................Standard 5.29>

Identify the changes in voting qualifications between 1787 and 1820 (e.g., the abolition of property requirements), and compare who could vote in local, state, and national elections in the U.S. with who could vote in England, France, and Russia.


1828 Presidential Election Electoral College Map
1828 Presidential Election Electoral College Map

Focus Question: How did voting qualifications change between 1787 and 1820?



Female_Rose.pngSee United States History I.23 for more on the expansion of suffrage in America before the Civil War.


See United States Government.5.2 for more on voting in the American system of government


A brief overview of the evolution of voting in America

Multimedia.pngTed-Ed video detailing the evolution of voting rights in America

Voting in Early Americafrom Colonial Williamsburg provides a concise look at the changes in voting qualifications between colonial America and 1820.


timeline2_rus.svg.png
1787 - States decide voting qualifications - Each state is empowered by the federal government to create their own voting laws - voting is subsequently restricted to land-owning, white men.
1790 - Naturalization Act of 1790 - defines citizenship as "any alien, being a free white person" - limits voting to free white men - many states still require property qualifications
- some states, such as New Jersey and Pennsylvania, remove free black voting rights around this period as well
- The End of Black Voting Rights in Pennsylvania
- New Jersey also allowed some women to vote until 1807 - RETHINKING WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE IN NEW JERSEY, 1776-1807
1820s - Many states, some as early as 1796, began to remove the property qualifications for voting - still only white male suffrage


Voting in England in the late 18th and early 19th century.

Image below is a British satire showing Napoleon with his grenadiers driving the members of the Council of Five Hundred from the Orangery at St. Cloud at bayonet point.
external image Buonaparte_closing_the_farce_of_Egalit%C3%A9.jpg


Voting in France: and politics in Napoleon's time.

primary_sources.PNGNapoleonic Code (1804) while declaring rights of all citizens severely restricted rights for women.




Female_Rose.pngClick here for information on women gaining the right to vote in Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Video about black women's suffrage in early America

Voting in Russia

- Russia in the late 18th century was ruled by a monarchy dominated by the Romanov dynasty
- There were no voting rights within the Russian empire from 1787 to 1820.
- In fact, a majority of Russians were kept as slaves, called serfs, which were emancipated in 1861