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rotating gif.gifSee the following for more on transformations in political life in the first half of the 19th century.

Andrew Jackson, 1835
Andrew Jackson, 1835


John C. Calhoun by Matthew Brady, 1849
John C. Calhoun by Matthew Brady, 1849


timeline2_rus.svg.pngAntebellum Period Timeline from University of Georgia.

Slavery conditions in Antebellum South from PBS.

multicultural.pngAfrican American Odyssey: Free Blacks in the Antebellum Period from the Library of Congress.

primary_sources.PNGThe Monroe Doctrine (1823) issued by President James Monroe in his 7th annual message to Congress.

The Gilder Lehrman Institue of American History explains Education Reform in Antebellum America.


The image to the right is a view of crowd in front of the White House during President Jackson's first inaugural reception in 1829. The furnishings of the White House were destroyed by the rowdy crowd during the inaugural festivities.
external image Jackson_inauguration_crop.jpg

Reforms and Reformers of Antebellum America by G. Feldmeth of Polytechnic School, Pasadena, California.

Library of Congress Pre-Civil War (Antebellum) African-American Slavery.


external image Beautiful_red_apple.jpgDemocracy in America: Alexis de Tocqueville's Introduction.