<Standard 7.21 .......................................................................................................................Standard 7.23>

Describe the unification of the tribes of Israel under Kings Saul, David, and Solomon, including David’s founding of Jerusalem as his capital city in 1000 BCE and the building of the first temple by Solomon.

Western Wall Plaza. Jerusalem
Western Wall Plaza. Jerusalem

Focus Question: How did the tribes of Israel unite under Kings Saul, David and Solomon?

Topic on this page:
Jerusalem: The Old City
  • King Saul
  • King David
  • King Solomon

Jerusalem: The Old City

Multimedia.pngJerusalem: The Old City provides an interactive overview of the old city from the Jewish Virtual Library.
  • The Old City is divided into four neighborhoods, which are named according to the ethnic affiliation of most of the people who live in them.
  • These quarters form a rectangular grid, but they are not equal in size.
    • Click here for more information.

Screen Shot 2017-02-24 at 12.30.24 PM.pngNational Geographic Jerusalem lesson plan

Modern History of Jerusalem, 1917 to Present

Screen Shot 2017-06-12 at 3.55.03 PM.png**Is Donald Trump Correct About the History of the Jerusalem Embassy Act?**


According to the Old Testament, the tribes of Israel lived as a confederation, ruled by leaders known as Judges.
  • The people asked for a king, as they had lived for centuries with no centralized power, and Samuel chose Saul when the young man approached the prophet asking to help find his donkey.

Multimedia.pngClick for a live feed of the Western Wall from Western Wall Heritage Foundation

1) King Saul

King Saul.  Photo Credit: Lidia Kozenitzky
King Saul. Photo Credit: Lidia Kozenitzky

David & Abigail.jpg
David & Abigail by Antonio Molinari
2) King David (approximately 1010- 970 BCE)

Became king directly after King Saul.
Known for his diverse skills as a warrior and a writer of psalms.
Married to Abigail, considered by the Talmud to be one of the seven female prophets, and fathers one of David's sons, Daniel.
Ruled Israel during the nation's "Golden Age"
Captured Jerusalem:

After David captured Jerusalem by launching a surprise attack on the Caananites, he deemed that the city would be Israel's capital. It was centrally located and had previously been a neutral site. The city became Israel's religious, cultural, and artistic center.

Female_Rose.pngKing David's Wives

The Many Wives of King David in the Bible

Female_Rose.pngWomen within ancient Israeli society

Temple of Solomon, Engraving from Jacob Judah Leon , 1665
Temple of Solomon, Engraving from Jacob Judah Leon , 1665

3) King Solomon (approximately 967-927 BCE)

King Solomon
King Solomon

Here is a family tree of the Kings of Isreal http://www.halexandria.org/dward924.htm

Multimedia.pngHere is a video showing the quest some archaeologists have gone on in search of Solomon's legendary riches.

Click here to learn about the Lost Tribes of Israel from NOVA.

The reigns of Saul, David and Solomon were the only time that all of the tribes of Israel were united under one king.

external image davidmap.gif


Middle East at a glance
1000 BCE
Interactive map of the history of religion http://www.mapsofwar.com/ind/history-of-religion.html

Works Cited:

Jewish Virtual Library http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Solomon.html
Bible Tutor. Retrieved April 5, 2007, from Luther Productions Web site: http://demo.lutherproductions.com/bibletutor/