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Annexation of Hawaii
Essential Question: How did imperialism affect America's influence throughout Asia and the Pacific region?
Textbook Event Summary
from Digital History
The United States began to assert its influence in Hawaii in the late 19th century.
Many trade laws were changed to make it so that the U.S. and Hawaii, which was then an independent nation, could trade freely.
This made it so that many people wanted a chance to cultivate whatever the U.S. wanted.
The land became aimed towards creating sugar plantations and rice fields.
U.S. influence increased and at one point the King at the time was forced to sign a treaty that not only took away many of his powers but disenfranchised many Asians and poorer peoples in the land.
In fact, the treaty ended up making it so only Europeans and Americans could vote making their influence even stronger.
Raising American Flag at ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu, Hawaii, August 12, 1898
January 17, 1893/Hawaiian Monarchy Overthrown by America-Backed Businessmen
, from The New York Times Learning Blog
Revolution in Hawaii
from New York Times article from January 17, 1893
That government was at first not accepted by President Grover Cleveland but later was and with President McKinley in office, the U.S. officially annexed the land on August 12, 1898.
Hawaii officially became a state on August 21, 1959.
103d Congress Joint Resolution 19: Apology to Native Hawaiians
(November 23, 1993)
Joint Resolution to Provide for Annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States
Letter from Queen Liliuokalani Protesting U.S. assertion of Ownership of Hawaii
(December 19, 1898)
Historical Background and Importance of the Morgan Report
1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii
Anti-Annexation Protest Documents
Hawaii Statehood, August 21, 1959
, pictured above, was the last Monarch of Hawaii.
For more, see
Queen Liliuokalani and the American Take-Over of Hawaii
from teacher education students at the University of Texas at Austin
Sanford Ballard Dole
was the President of the Republic of Hawaii and first governor of Hawaii after annexation by the United States.
His cousin, James Drummond Dole, founded the Hawaiian Pineapple Company which became Dole Food Company
James Drummond Dole The Pineapple King
The Sweet and Sour History of Pineapple in Hawai'i
Dole Plantation is visited by one million tourists every year and sells more than 3,500 pineapples every week
America Becomes a Pacific Nation: Hawaiian Annexation
from Portland State University
United States History II.6
for more on America's growing role in world affairs from the Civil War to World War I
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