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For more, see
United States History I.4
AP United States History 4
For a summary of the event, see
The Boston Massacre
from America' Story, Library of Congress
The Boston Massacre
from the Massachusetts Historical Society.
from America in Class, National Humanities Center
The Battle of Golden Hill, New York City
, the occasion of the first bloodshed of the American Revolution
Paul Revere's engraving to the right is not an accurate depiction of the event (it did not occur in close quarters, nor with the British commander behind his troops) and is thought to be plagiarized from a drawing by artist Henry Pelham.There was one Black man, named Crispus Attucks, and 4 other laborers who died that day.
For more see
Paul Revere's Engraving of the Boston Massacre
Click here for background on
, a Black man who became the first casualty of the American Revolution.
Here is an article about the Boston Massacre:
Massacre in the Newspaper
Captain Preston's Account of the Boston Massacre
, March 5, 1770
John Adams Defended the British Soldiers
Boston Massacre Trial, 1770
from Famous American Trials, University of Missouri Kansas City
Reviewing the Boston Massacre, Historian Richard Archer (
As If an Enemy's Country: The British Occupation of Boston and the Origins of Revolution
, Oxford University Press, 2010) concludes "the evidence strongly suggests that the massacre was a legitimate murder case. The event was not premeditated, since none of the soldiers could have planned on being ordered to quell a crowd that evening. But it gave them an opportunity, and once that first shot had exploded, it is highly likely that at least some of the grenadiers aimed and fired at specific people in the crowd"
The lessons for modern times is clear, according to Archer, "an occupying force in a strange land, asked to police a suspicious and resentful population can themselves become enraged. Faced with enough indignities and violence, they too can become the agents of mayhem."
Source: "The Charge is Murder," Boston Sunday Globe, April 18, 2010, p. C3.
Painting by Alonzo Chappel, 1877
Boston Massacre Lesson Plan
from Colonial Williamsburg.
Boston Massacre: You Be the Judge!
from George Mason University
from Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
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