Cleopatra by Michelangelo between 1533-1534
Cleopatra by Michelangelo between 1533-1534

Cleopatra, Margaret Foley, 1876
Cleopatra, Margaret Foley, 1876


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Cleopatra, the last of the pharaohs before Egypt came under Roman control, was a Macedonian Greek and a descendent of Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Great's generals who founded a dynasty that had ruled Egypt for three centuries
  • She spoke 10 languages and was an accomplished diplomat and writer as well as an effective political leader.
    • For more, see "The Search for Cleopatra," Chip Brown, National Geographic Magazine, July, 2011, p. 46.

Cleopatra, John William Waterhouse, 1888
Cleopatra, John William Waterhouse, 1888





timeline2_rus.svg.pngTimeline of the Life of Cleopatra


Who Was Cleopatra? Mythology, Propaganda, Liz Taylor and the Real Queen of the Nile, Smithsonian Magazine.

Rehabilitating Cleopatra, Stacy Schiff, Smithsonian Magazine (December 2010)

Battle of Actium (September 2, 31 BCE)

Screen Shot 2016-11-17 at 4.24.09 PM.pngFor more, see Cleopatra: A Biography by Duane W. Roller (Oxford University Press, 1010) who focuses on Cleopatra's roles as political, military and administrative leader


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Multimedia.pngMultimedia Resources


How History and Hollywood Got Cleopatra Wrong from NPR.

Go here to see Helen Gardner playing Cleopatra in a 1912 film

Go here to see the trailer of the 1934 film Cleopatra directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Cleopatra was played by Claudette Colbert.

Here is the trailer for the 1963 film in which Elizabeth Taylor portrayed Cleopatra





Cleopatra's Alexandria from National Geographic Magazine offers a recreation of what they city looked like during Cleopatra's reign when a multicultural mix of 325,000 people lived there.