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Goddess of Democracy, Victoria Park, Hong Kong
Goddess of Democracy, Victoria Park, Hong Kong

Covering, Uncovering and Discovering the Curriculum


This page focuses on contrasting content as a democratic teaching strategy.

Topics on the Page:
Learning History Through Uncoverage
  • Teaching Multicultural History
    • Levels of Integration of Multicultural Content
  • Lesson Plan: 10 Most Famous Americans Activity
Politics of Textbooks and Standards
Opening Up the Textbook (OUT)
  • Why Social Studies Textbooks Are So Difficult to Read
  • Strategies for Opening Up the Textbook
Teaching Ideas for Curriculum Uncoverage
  • Lesson Plan: Teaching the Book Encounter


Listing of Digital Textbooks



external image EnneperSurfaceAnimated.gifFor more books and resources for curriculum uncover age, go to the Web Resources page on this wiki.

Learning History Through Uncoverage


If We Knew Our History, Zinn Education Project, features articles highlighting the inadequacies of mainstream textbooks in presenting history


Shifting Out of Neutral. Jonathan Gold, Teaching Tolerance (Spring 2016).


Uncoverage in History Survey Courses, TeachingHistory.org


The End of the History Survey Course: The Rise and Fall of the Coverage Model. Joel M. Sipress & David J. Voelker, The Journal of American History, March 2011

Multiperspectivity: What Is It and Why Use It?

Undue Certainty: Where Howard Zinn's A People's History Falls Short, Sam Wineburg (American Educator, Winter 2012-2013, pp. 27-34).

Politics in the Classroom: How Much Is Too Much?, NPR (August 6, 2015)

Teaching Multicultural History


Levels of Integration of Multicultural Content, James A. Banks

The Causal Effects of Cultural Relevance: Evidence from an Ethnic Studies Curriculum, American Educational Research Journal, 2016

  • High school students taking a course examining "the roles of race, nationality and culture on identity and experience" improved grades, attendance, and graduation rates

Academic Benefits of Mexican-American Studies Reaffirmed in New Analysis
  • Students who participated in the ethnic studies courses were more likely to graduate from high school and pass standardized exams they had previously failed

external image Flag_map_of_Illinois.svgSocial Science Curriculum Mandates: Illinois
  • Mandates teaching African American history, women's history, and holocaust and genocide studies

multicultural.pngAfrican American History, School District of Philadelphia
  • First major city to require African American history for all high school graduates in 2005

Screen Shot 2016-10-28 at 11.53.33 AM.pngMontana State Constitution Article X and Indian Education For All, Montana Office of Public Instruction

external image Gay_flag.svgCalifornia's FAIR Education Act
  • The Fair, Accurate, Inclusive, and Respectful Education Act, Senate Bill 48 in California, requires representation in public school learning resources of diverse populations' contributions to the development of the United States and the state of California.
    • Pacific Islanders, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Americans, and persons with disabilities” are included in this law.

Screen Shot 2016-01-04 at 11.31.08 AM.pngLesson Plan: The Most Famous Americans
Please list 10 names that you consider the most famous Americans in history, with no U.S. presidents or first ladies on the list.

Compare your list of 10 most famous names with lists by high schoolers and historians to think about how different generations recall famous Americans.

book.pngWho's Bigger: Where Historical Figures Really Rank. Steven S. Skiena & Charles B. Ward. Cambridge University Press, 2013


Politics of Textbooks and Standards


Writing to the Standards: Reviews of Proposed Social Studies Textbooks for Texas Public Schools, Texas Freedom Network Education Fund, September 2014

Advanced Placement History Test Accused of Being Unpatriotic, NPR, February 23, 2015

Oklahoma May Scrap AP History for Focusing on America's "Bad Parts" NPR, February 18, 2015

Can Teaching Patriotism Protect France? The Boston Globe, February 8, 2015

Teaching the Movement 2014: The State of Civil Rights Education in the United States from Teaching Tolerance

NCAC Writes to Hanover, VA: School District's Fix Could Actually Make Things Worse.

Citizen Group Reviewing Collier Co. (Florida) School Textbooks, December 29, 2014

AP History Class Standards Spark Colorado Censorship, PBS Newshour, October 3, 2014

ISIS Eradicates Art, History and Music in Iraq. CBS News, September 15, 2014.

Bill Gates Wants Your Kids to Learn History This Way--and He's Paying to Get it into Schools. The Washington Post. September 9, 2014.

Republican National Committee Condemns New AP Framework, August 11, 2014

In Textbook Fight, Japan Leaders Seek to Recast History. The New York Times, December 28, 2013.

Controversy Over Textbook Biased "in Favor of Islam" Continues in Volusia County Schools. Orlando Sentinel, November 11, 2013

The Great Textbook War: The Kanawha County Textbook Wars, 1974-75 from American Radio Works.


Opening Up the Textbook (OUT)


Why Social Studies Textbooks Are So Difficult to Read

Young People's History of Virginia and Viriginians, 1896
Young People's History of Virginia and Viriginians, 1896

Overview of Opening Up the Textbook from TeachingHistory.org

Opening Up the Textbook from University of Texas El Paso

Lesson Plans for Opening Up the Textbook from Historical Thinking Matters

OUTS Opening Up the Textbook from Northern Nevada Teaching American History Project

Beyond the Bubble: Opening Up the Textbook from Stanford History Education Group on YouTube

Teaching Ideas for Curriculum Uncoverage

book.png


Screen Shot 2016-01-04 at 11.31.08 AM.pngIf We Knew Our History Series from the Zinn Education Project features articles highlighting the inadequacies of history textbooks

Multimedia.pngAmerican History Textbook Lies: Everything Your Teacher Got Wrong on YouTube

Christopher Columbus, image from the Library of Congress
Christopher Columbus, image from the Library of Congress

Screen Shot 2016-01-04 at 11.31.08 AM.pngLesson Plan: Teaching the book Encounter

Multimedia.pngBook Trailer for Jane Yolen's picture book, Encounter

Screen Shot 2016-04-21 at 9.41.22 AM.pngRead the comments after seeing this to learn about a Native American perspective, presented here by Debbie Reese. on the American Indians in Children's Literature (AICL) website


Teaching African American History

6 Teaching Tools for Black History Month



Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngListing of Digital Textbooks
  • United States History
  • World and Global History
  • American Government
  • Economics
  • Geography


Books and Resources


Howard Zinn, A People's History of the United States

James Loewen, Lies My Teacher Told Me

James Loewen, Lies Across America

Ray Raphael, Founding Myths

See Citizendium (A citizen's compendium of everything) for an open source complement to Wikipedia.

Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media, George Mason University

Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States

World History for All of US, National Center for History in the Schools