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Electoral College Votes for 2012, 2016, & 2020 Elections
Electoral College Votes for 2012, 2016, & 2020 Elections

This page looks at contested or disputed elections in United States History

See also Political Parties and Elections from AP American Government

Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 1.11.21 PM.pngPresidential Election Laws

Screen Shot 2016-06-22 at 11.01.04 AM.pngMake Your Own Electoral College Map


Screen Shot 2016-02-13 at 11.47.54 AM.pngElectoral Decoderfrom PBS presents an historical overview of past elections with video and other resources


Candidates who became President despite losing the popular vote
Candidates who became President despite losing the popular vote



History of Presidential Elections

Screen Shot 2015-12-13 at 4.03.33 PM.pngPresidential Election Results: 1789-2012


1824, 1876, 1888, 2000 and 2016 are the only elections where the popular vote winner lost the election.

Controversial Elections from FairVote


By Ali Zifan using ArcGIS
By Ali Zifan using ArcGIS

2016 Presidential Election


Who Will Win the Presidency? FiveThirtyEight blog 2016 Election Forecast

Who Will Be President? New York Times

2016 National Popular Vote Tracker, The Cook Political Report

Russian Hackers Acted to Aid Trump in Election, U.S.Says, New York Times, December 9, 2016


2000: George W. Bush vs. Al Gore


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Election Outcomes (2000)


Election Summary

Al Gore lost the electoral vote but beat George Bush in the popular vote.

The contested aspect of this race focused on Florida. Due to numerous recounts, the results of the entire election remained unknown for more than a month.

Some of the confusion surrounded what was known as a "hanging chad" (pictured below). The Florida ballots were "punched" and polling officials were unsure how people intended to vote when tears appeared on the sheet.

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Different hanging chads on Florida ballots

All of this resulted in Bush vs. Gore, a Supreme Court decision, saying that the recount could not continue indefinitely and that the state was required to use the outcome at the time.

Screen Shot 2016-10-28 at 12.13.15 PM.pngBush v. Gore and the 2000 Presidential Election, Bill of Rights Institute

rotating gif.gifFor more, see United States History II.32


1888: Benjamin Harrison vs. Grover Cleveland

external image 350px-ElectoralCollege1888.svg.png

Election Summary

Benjamin Harrison: Campaigns and Elections, Miller Center, University of Virginia

primary_sources.PNGMake Way for the Uncrowned King, a political cartoon from Harper's Weekly, August 18, 1888





1876: Rutherford B. Hayes vs. Samuel Tilden


1876 Election Results
1876 Election Results

Election Summary

Hayes-Tilden Election, from The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, PBS

The Disputed Presidential Election of 1876, Digital History

primary_sources.PNGDisputed Election of 1876 from Rutherford B.Hayes Presidential Library. Includes FAQs, a photo gallery and acceptance and concession speeches by the candidates


The Democratic National Convention, 1876
The Democratic National Convention, 1876

Rutherford B.Hayes: Campaigns and Elections, from Miller Center, University of Virginia

Screen Shot 2016-10-28 at 12.13.15 PM.pngThe Disputed Election of 1876 from Colonial Williamsburg

rotating gif.gifFor more, see United States History I.41




1824: John Quincy Adams vs. Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay


external image ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png
Election Summary

Adams v. Jackson: The Election of 1824, Gilder Lehman Institute of American History

John Quincy Adams: Campaigns and Elections, Miller Center, University of Virginia

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A foot-race. 1824. By D.C. Johnston
A foot-race. 1824. By D.C. Johnston

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primary_sources.PNGTally of the 1824 Electoral College Vote, National Archives






1800: Thomas Jefferson vs. Aaron Burr, John Adams, and Charles C. Pinckney


external image ElectoralCollege1800-Large.png





Sources: