This page lists standards and pages featuring hidden histories and untold stories from United States history, world history and American government.

Alternate History--Circles show multiple realities; arrows show different perspectives
Alternate History--Circles show multiple realities; arrows show different perspectives

This page also includes links to Dramatic Event, Historical Biography, Influential Literature and Special Topic Pages.



Eitaro Ishigaki, Federal Art Project, 1940
Eitaro Ishigaki, Federal Art Project, 1940


Image from Blue Diamond Gallery
Image from Blue Diamond Gallery


Image from Frankel Lawyers
Image from Frankel Lawyers


Image by Trtswahili on Wikimedia Commons
Image by Trtswahili on Wikimedia Commons



For a perspective on teaching students about the past, read The History Teacher by Billy Collins from the book Sailing Around the Room: New and Selected Poems (Random House, 2002).

primary_sources.PNGMany Pasts from the U. S. Course on the Web from George Mason University provides primary source materials drawn from the experiences of ordinary Americans from throughout American history.



United States History


Grade 1.4 for analysis of how the Pledge of Allegiance has evolved over time.


Grade 5.17 and United States History I.4 for material on African Americans and Women in the American Revolution.


Grade 5.21 focuses on Shays Rebellion

Benjamin Banneker - with biographical paragraphs.  Issued 1943
Benjamin Banneker - with biographical paragraphs. Issued 1943

Grade 5.31 for information on Benjamin Banneker, an African American astronomer, mathematician, surveyor, author and farmer.


USI.2 for information on how Thomas Jefferson may have been influenced by reading the Qur'an


USI.5 has information on Deborah Sampson, the first female soldier in the American Revolution


Sybil Ludington stamp, issued in 1975.
Sybil Ludington stamp, issued in 1975.

USI. 8 contains information on Mercy Otis Warren, who wrote anti-Federalist articles under the pseudonym "A Colombian Patriot"


USI.16 has information on the role of the Post Office leading up to the American Revolution


USI.19 for information on the first African Americans and women to serve on juries in the US


USI.21 has information on women and minorities who have held public office


USI.26 includes an Event Page on the California and Alaska Gold Rush

USI.29 has information on slave resistance, from everyday resistance to running away, and information on Celia, a slave who killed her master in self defense


USI.30 for information on Catherine Beecher, who believed women should be in charge of their own lives and affairs and Noah Webster, who created the American Dictionary of English Language, was an adviser to George Washington, helped create the first American census, and more.

Juneteenth day celebration in Texas, June 19, 1900
Juneteenth day celebration in Texas, June 19, 1900

USI.31 for information on David Ruggles, an African American man who refused to give up his seat on a railroad car over 100 years before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat


USI.38 for information on Juneteenth and President Lincoln's military service during the Black Hawk War.


USI.39 for information on Sarah Edmond, a woman who enlisted as a male during the Civil War.

John Russwurm (1850), co-editor of Freedom's Journal, first black newspaper in U.S.
John Russwurm (1850), co-editor of Freedom's Journal, first black newspaper in U.S.

This page also includes information on President Grant's actions against Jewish citizens during the Civil War.


USI.41 for information on the Colfax Massacre


USII.1 for information on the transcontinental railroad and its effect on Native peoples


USII.4 has information on the origins of cowboys, women warriors, and Jim Thorpe


USII.6 for information on Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders from the Spanish-American War and an all African-American regiment that fought in Cuba

USII.8

USII.9 for information on Moses Fleetwood Walker, the first African American to play in the major leagues and Lewis Latimer, the only African American on Thomas Edison's inventing team.

  • This page also contains information on George Washington Carver, the scientist, educator, and humanitarian.


USII.10 for a collection of music from the Prohibition Era, for information on Bessie Coleman, the first African American women to earn a pilot's license, and Carrie Nation, a Temperance woman who was known for attacking liquor stores.


USII.12 for information on President Hoover and his request for more Native American funds. Also contains information on the struggle between FDR and the upper class.

1,000-mile tree on the Transcontinental Railroad, Weber County Utah, 1869
1,000-mile tree on the Transcontinental Railroad, Weber County Utah, 1869

USII.15 for information on women and African Americans and WWII


USII.16 to learn about the only known person to survive both atomic bombings on Japan

USII.17 for information on Italian American internment camps during WWII

USII.18 for information on Van Cliburn, a classical musician, and his effect on the Cold War

USII.20 has information on the Vietnam War and African Americans, including Project 100,000.


USII.20 for information on Operation Babylift, when US forces evacuated thousands of Vietnamese orphans and children and information on Corita Kent, a former nun who used her art to make political statements


USII.25 for information on Claudette Colvin, an African American teenager who refused to give up her seat months before Rosa Parks and for information on Bayard Rustin, an openly gay organizer of the March on Washington


Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, first Hispanic Congresswoman, 1989
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, first Hispanic Congresswoman, 1989

USII.27 for information on Phyllis Schlafly, the woman who lead the opposition to the Equal Rights Amendment, and Babe Didrikson Zaharis, a famous multisport star


USII.28 has an Event Page on the Stonewall Riots

WHII.32 for information on women in the Vietnam War.






World History


See Grade 7.16 for an Event Page on Who Built the Pyramids
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine

Marie Olympe de Gouges
Marie Olympe de Gouges

WHI.9 for information on Eleanor of Aquitaine, who played a major role in the Second Crusade and is the reason why women were banned from future crusades.


Portrait of Japanese Empress Kōken, 718-770
Portrait of Japanese Empress Kōken, 718-770

WHI.25 for information on Japanese Women Samurai.


WHI.23 for information on Wu Zeitan, the only female emperor during the Tang Dynasty.



WHI.29 for information on women artists of the Renaissance.


WHI.34 for information on Mary Wollstonecraft, a female political theorist of the Enlightenment


WHII.3 for information on Marie Olympe de Gouges, who issued a declaration of the rights of women during the French Revolution.


WHII.9 includes information on the suffragettes, who used radical forms of lobbying for suffrage, such as vandalism and arson.


WHII.12 for information on Lakshimibai, an Indian nationalist symbol. Her husband died and she was going to lose her land, so she formed an army and fought to protect it. Also includes info on missionaries’ wives who educated women.


WHII.16 includes a Dramatic Event Page on the Panama Canal

Mariya Dolina, one of the Night Witches
Mariya Dolina, one of the Night Witches

WHII.23 for information on Minnie Vautrin, who worked at a college for women in Nanking. She stayed behind during the evacuation and kept the school open for refugees and soldiers.


WHII.24 contains information on Night Witches from Russia, women who flew in the Soviet Air Forces and Vasily Zaitsev, a Russian sniper who has a large role at Stalingrad. The picture of Captain Mariya Dolina, one of the Night Witches who was awarded the title "Hero of the Soviet Union" for her wartime actions


WHII.26 contains stories of heroes of the holocaust, such as Abdol-Hossein Sardari, Huberman, the Zegota.

Members of the Zegota, 1946
Members of the Zegota, 1946

WHII.27 has links to racist cartoons by Dr. Seuss.

Alan Turing in slate at Bletchley Park
Alan Turing in slate at Bletchley Park

WHII.37 has information on Alan Turing, a gay man who made contributions as a code breaker during WWII and the development of computers and additional information on scientists of color and women.


See Alan Turing page historical biography page

WHII.46 has additional information on Alan Turing


American Government


USI.15 contains information on federally recognized tribal governments in the United States.


Victoria Woodhull
Victoria Woodhull

USG1.2 to learn about the 1924 Indian Citizenship Act

USG2.6 to learn about laws and policies relating to the LGBT community

USG3.6 to learn about Victoria Woodhull, the first woman to run for President in the US


USG3.11 to learn about the controversy surrounding "Under God" used in the Pledge of Allegiance


USG5.2 to learn about voting in Early Colonial America


AP Government and Politics Standard IV.A features information on Vermont's part-time citizen legislature.


Vermont County Map
Vermont County Map

Resources for Teaching Hidden Histories and Untold Stories


Teaching a People's History: Zinn Education Project
Multimedia.pngClick here for the Podcast "Stuff You Missed in History Class" from HowStuffWorks.com

book.pngClick here for the book "50 American Heroes Every Kid Should Meet" by Dennis Denenberg and Lorraine Roscoe. This book shares stories of many American citizens who have been lost for history and even gives hints for readers to research more hidden histories.