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Castle Garden, New York City

America's First Immigration Center. 11 million immigrants passed through the center between 1820 and 1892. Records can be searched at this site.

Castle Clinton National Monument, National Park Service

Before Ellis Island Existed, Castle Garden Welcomed Houdini and Typhoid Mary, from Atlas Obscura (April 7, 2016)

Ellis Island, New York City

Ellis Island, 2014
Ellis Island, 2014

Ellis Island Immigration Footage 1906

Selected Images of Ellis Island Immigration, 1880-1920, Library of Congress

Tenement Museum, an online game set in 1916

Lower East Side Tenement Museum Virtual Tour

Statue of Annie Moore, Ireland
Statue of Annie Moore, Ireland

Annie Moore: First Immigrant Through Ellis Island, from Ellis Island Foundation. See January 1, 1892, the first immigrant landed on Ellis Island

She is honored by two statutes, one in Cobh, Ireland and the other at Ellis Island.

Story of the First Through Ellis Island Is Rewritten, New York Times (September 14, 2006).

She did come to New York City from Ireland at age 15, but she did not, however, go west to Texas to pursue the American Dream only to meet a tragic death in a streetcar accident at age 46. Instead she had 11 children (only 5 lived to adulthood) and lived a poor immigrant's life on the Lower East Side, dying at age 50.

Annie Moore is memorialized in the song "Isle of Hope, Isle of Tears" by the group Celtic Thunder. Hear the song sung by Ronan Tynan on YouTube

Life of First Ellis Island Immigrant Revealed, NPR (September 15, 2006)

Sullivan's Island, South Carolina

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Africans in Carolina, Lowcountry Digital History Initiative

A Port of Entry for Enslaved Africans

Middle Passage Ceremonies and Port Markers Project
  • Identifying all ports of entry for Africans during the 350 years of the Atlantic Slave Trade

Angel Island, San Francisco

Immigration Station, Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
Immigration Station, Angel Island, San Francisco Bay

Japanese Immigrants, 1860 to 2008

For more on Angel Island, see United States History II.3 on immigration after the Civil War,

When the "Enemy" Landed at Angel Island, National Archives, Summer 2009

Pelican Island, Galveston Texas

Former Immigration Station, Galveston, Texas
Former Immigration Station, Galveston, Texas

Forgotten Gateway: Coming to America through Galveston Island, Houston Museum of Natural Science

Ellis Island on the Gulf: Remembering the Galveston Movement, Houston Public Media
  • Between 1907 and 1915, 10,000 Jewish Immigrants from the Russian Empire passed through the Port of Galveston

Galveston Immigration Database, Galveston Historical Society