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First Avenue Bridge mural in Los Angeles depicts the first female Mexican American union leader, Dolores Huerta.

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Mendez v. Westminster (1946)

In third grade, Sylvia Mendez was denied admission to a White-only elementary school in Los Angeles.

Her family brought suit and the eventual **Mendez v. Westminster** court decisions desegregated schools in California, years before the Brown v. Board of Education case.
Cesar Chavez, June 1972
Cesar Chavez, June 1972

Background: Mendez v. Westminster Re-Enactment

Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngSeparate Is Never Equal: Sylvia Mendez and Her Family's Fight for Desegregation. Duncan Tonatinuh (2013)

Latinos and Civil Rights


Hispanics: The Forgotten Class in Civil Rights History from LBJ Presidential Library

Screen Shot 2016-10-28 at 12.35.47 PM.pngSee Tag Bundle of Resources on Mexican American Civil Rights

Screen Shot 2017-02-23 at 4.39.15 PM.pngCesar Chavez and the Cesar Chavez National Holiday

An American Hero: Biography of Cesar E. Chavez, California Department of Education

Go here to learn about the movement to Create a Cesar E. Chavez National Holiday
  • It is a state holiday in California
  • Optional holiday in Colorado and Texas
  • Celebrations in Arizona, Michigan, Nebraska and New Mexico

primary_sources.PNGSenator Barack Obams's Statement for a Cesar Chavez National Holiday (March 2008)

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Image: National Museum of American History

Delano Grape Strike and Boycott, 1965-1970

The Grape Strike and Boycott, from United Farm Workers

The Forgotten Filipino-Americans Who Led the Delano Grape Strike, KQED News (September 5, 2015)

Legacy of the Delano Grape Strike, 50 Years Later, San Francisco Chronicle (September 16, 2015)

Against All Odds: Cesar Chavez & the Delano Grape Strike, Cesar Chavez Foundation

Delano Grap Strike and Boycott, 1965 from Records of Rights, National Archives