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Female_Rose.png"Mill Girls” became the name for women workers in New England textile mills during the first half of the 19th Century. They were responsible for the machines for spinning and weaving. The girls were owned by a corporation.

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Primary Sources


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book.pngLyddie by Katherine Patterson (Puffin Classics, 2004).

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Multimedia Resources


Multimedia.pngWatch a clip on the Lowell Mill Girls, here.
external image Apoggiaturanotaton.pngBread and Roses poem and song.




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Teaching Resources and Lesson Plans


  • Have your students learn about the Lowell Mill Girls through becoming one by researching their daily lives. Lesson plan here.
  • The Lowell Mill Girls from the Maryland State Archives features a collection of resources for teaching about the topic.

external image 200px-Book_Hexagonal_Icon.svg.pngWas Dickens's Christmas Carol Borrowed from Lowell's Mill Girls? The Boston Globe, December 15, 2013.


rotating gif.gifSee United States History I.28 for more on the textile industry in New England

See Women in World War I and Women in World War II for more on women's roles as paid workers.