Three Mexican Flags in a Stiff Breeze
Three Mexican Flags in a Stiff Breeze




Current Facts and Historical Overview


Mexican Immigration in the United States, Migration Policy Institute
  • In 2014, there were 11.7 million Mexican immigrants in the United States
    • China and India now provide more immigrants to the United States than Mexico

5 Facts About Mexico and Immigration to the U. S., Pew Research Center (February 11, 2016)

More Mexican Immigrants Leaving the U.S. Than Entering, Report Finds, the New York Times (November 19, 2015)

The History of Mexican Immigration to the U.S. in the early 20th Century, Library of Congress

Uneasy Neighbors: A Brief History of Mexican-U.S. Migration, Harvard Magazine (May/June 2007)

Hoover, Truman and Ike: Mass Deporters? from FactCheck.org (July 2010)
  • Refutes a false claim that 13 million people were deported under these Presidential administrations


The Border

Tijuana, Mexico, right, and San Diego
Tijuana, Mexico, right, and San Diego


The Changing Mexico-U.S. Border, from Worlds Revealed: Geography and Maps, Library of Congress

The U.S.-Mexico Border: Under the Economic Lens and in the Historical Frame

United States-Mexico Borderlands, Smithsonian Education

Screen Shot 2017-01-30 at 8.22.36 AM.pngInteractive Map from National Geographic



Historical Chronology

primary_sources.PNGThe Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
  • Granted citizenship to Mexicans living in territory ceded to the U.S. by Mexico after the Mexican War

Mexican Railroad Laborers (1900)
  • U.S. railroad companies actively recruited Mexican workers to help build railroads after the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act limited the Asian worker supply
    • Estimated that 60 percent of railroad workers at the turn of the century were Mexicans


Mexican Repatriation: Mass Deportations of the 1930s and 1940s


First Braceros arriving, Los Angeles by train, 1942
First Braceros arriving, Los Angeles by train, 1942

The Bracero Program (1942)

The Bracero History Archive makes available oral histories and artifacts about the Bracero program in English and Spanish.


external image june-18-1954-p1-normal.gif
Operation Wetback (1954)



The Secure Fence Act (2006)




National Labor Relations Board and Mexican Foreign Ministry Sign Letter of Agreement (2013)
  • Provides access to information and education regarding rights and responsibilities for Mexican workers and their employers


primary_sources.PNGMexican American Migrations and Communities, Primary Sources from the Library of Congress