Skip to main content
Create interactive lessons using any digital content including wikis with our free sister product
. Get it on the
Pages and Files
Democratic Teaching Methods
Hidden Histories, Dramatic Events
, Historical Biographies & Special Topic Pages
AP World History
AP United States History
AP Government & Politics
AP Art History
Grades 1 & 2
Grades 3 & 4
Grade 5 (United States History)
Grade 6 (World Geography)
Grade 7 (Ancient/Classical Civilizations)
World History I & II
United States History I & II
Influential Men: World
Infuential Men: U.S.
Influential Women: U. S.
Influential Women: World
Primary Sources: U.S.
Primary Sources: World
Public Domain and Copyright Information
Large Visitor Globe
Feedjit Live Blog Stats
Identify when North Korea, South Korea, and Mongolia became independent countries and describe how independence was achieved.
Map of Asia, including North and South Korea, Mongolia, and China (source: CIA web site):
Focus Question: How did the countries of Northeast Asia gain independence?
For historical background on China before 1800, go to World History
For historical background on China in the 19th century, see World History
For historical background on China in the 20th century, see World History
For historical information on Korea, see World History
For information on the Korean War, check
United States History II.19
as well as the website for the
Korean War Museum.
Flag of North Korea
Japan invaded Korea and occupied it until the end of World War II (1945)
for the Korean Declaration of Independence from 1919. It was written by Koreans to protest the Japanese rule.
It was then split up by the victors.
North of the 38th parallel went to Soviet control, and became North Korea.
South Korea went under the control of the United States.
In 1950, North Korea (later with the help of the Chinese) invaded South Korea
It was an effort to take over the whole peninsula and reunite the country.
The United Nations sent troops, led by the U.S., to repel the invasion
The Korean War was fought from 1950 to 1953, until a cease-fire was agreed on.
The Korean war has been in a truce since 1953.
North Korea and South Korea are, technically, still at war.
Effectively, however, the two are separate states
with a democracy in the south and a growing economy
a dictatorship in the north that leaves many North Korean people in poverty and isolation.
for an article from the Guardian that compares life in North Korea vs. South Korea
for a Korean history
for more information on North Korea from the United States Department of State
for the Freedom House page on North Korea
The Korean Peninsula as seen by satellite view. While South Korea has lights and cities, North Korea is left in the dark
Mongolia became independent in 1911.
It is surrounded by both Russia and China
As a result, it is an amalgam of those countries' two cultures and governments; its history intertwined with theirs.
Mongolia was part of China after the Chinese defeated the Mongols in the 1600s up until 1911.
Independence came during the Chinese revolution, when China was in chaos.
A few years later, China tried to seize control of Mongolia again
The Russian revolution created the Soviet government, which protected Mongolia from the Chinese in the early 1920s.
Mongolia remains culturally Asian and Chinese, and governmentally Russian and Soviet (even though the Soviet Union is defunct).
for a timeline on Mongolia
country information, maps, and flags
maps (public source)
Oxford Atlas of the World, Twelfth Edition
, 2005; Oxford University Press, New York.
De Blij, H.J.; Peter O. Muller;
Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"