rotating gif.gifSee World Geography standards for more on Oceania

Flag of Nauru
Flag of Nauru

Flag of Kiribati
Flag of Kiribati

game_icon.svg.pngSmall Island Nations: How Much Do You Know?

Members: Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)

Small Island Nations from World Ocean Observatory

Small Islands Could Deploy Lasers to Weather Climate Change from Wired, December 12, 2015
Atoll Beach, Tuvalu
Atoll Beach, Tuvalu


Nauru is the world's smallest island nation

Seychelles-CIA Map
Seychelles-CIA Map


115 islands, only a few inhabited, in the Indian Ocean off East Africa north of Madagascar

  • 99 percent ocean/its water is 3000 times larger than its land
  • Dependent on rainwater for water supply

Basic Country Facts from CIA World Facebook

podcast icon.pngSeychelles Sinks as Climate Change Advances, NPR (September, 2010)

Seychelles Blue Economy Strategic Roadmap and Implementation
  • The islands economy based on fishing and tourism is threatened by climate change

Conservation efforts to protect marine waters

Seychelles Islands' UNESCO World Heritage Sites Praised as Models for Connecting Cultural and Natural Heritage

The Maldives

Emblem of Maldives
Emblem of Maldives

The Maldives from CIA World FactBook

History of the Maldives. Before contact with Arab traders in the middle of the 12th century, the islands were riled by women

In the 19th century, women also ruled the islands: Link to 4 Muslim Women Who Ruled Maldives

Maldivian Women's Rights, United Nations (March 15, 2017)

Sea Level Rise

Warming Seas and Melting Ice Sheets, NASA (August 26, 2015)

Sea Level Rise, 1975-2005
Sea Level Rise, 1975-2005

Sea Level Rise from National Geographic

Sea Level Measurement from NASA

Is Sea Level Rising? from National Ocean Service

Sea Level Rise & Global Warming Infographic from Union of Concerned Scientists

Rising Sea Level: A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change

Tsunami Wave, Phuket, Thailand 2004.  Picture by Zalzadore
Tsunami Wave, Phuket, Thailand 2004. Picture by Zalzadore


NOAA Tsunami Website from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Multimedia.pngTsunamis 101 from National Geographic

Screen Shot 2016-02-13 at 11.47.54 AM.pngSamoa Tsunami Animation from NOAA

The Physics of Tsunamis


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Lesson Plans/Instructional Activities

How Islands Form from Discovery Education

Stop Disasters! from the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction is a serious learning game where students must take steps to avert natural disasters.

Climate Change Lesson Plans for Educators