external image Neuraminidase_from_1918_influenza.gif

Image to the left shows the structure of the neuraminidase enzyme required for virus replication from the H1N1 1918 pandemic influenza virus.

Event Overview

The Pandemic was responsible for some 50 million deaths worldwide

1918 Influenza Pandemic from Human Virology at Stanford University

The Great Pandemic: The United States in 1918-1919, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

1918 Influenza: The Mother of All Pandemics, Centers for Disease Control, January 2006

1981 Flu Pandemic That Killed 50 Million Originated in China, Historians Say, National Geographic (January 24, 2014)

Mystery of the 1918 Flu That Killed 50 Million Solved? National Geographic (April 29, 2014)

American Influenza Epidemic of 1918-1919: A Digital Encyclopedia

The 1919 photo to the right shows rows of tents that had been set up on a lawn at Emery Hill in Lawrence, Massachusetts where victims of the 1918 influenza pandemic were treated.

external image 8391_lores.jpg

primary_sources.PNGPrimary Sources

The Deadly Virus: The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 has documents and photos from the National Archives

A Letter from Camp Devins, Massachusetts, PBS American Experience (September 29, 1918)

The Spanish Flu of 1918 has photos and other visual primary sources

1918 Flu Epidemic Oral Histories, Vermont Historical Society

Spanish Flu Death Chart
Spanish Flu Death Chart

Multimedia.pngMultimedia Resources

The 1918 Flu from NOVA

Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngA Death-Struck Year, Makiia Lucier. A young girl volunteers in a hospital during the Spanish flu in this young adult novel.

Screen Shot 2016-01-04 at 11.31.08 AM.png
The Five Deadliest Outbreaks and Pandemics in History, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

History of Plague, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

external image Plaguet03.jpg

Image to the left shows St Sebastian pleading for the life of a gravedigger afflicted with plague during the Plague of Justinian.

rotating gif.gifLinks to Other Pandemics and Plagues

Deadly Pandemics Through History, University of Toronto Magazine (Winter 2013)

HIV/AIDS link to World HistoryII.45

Bubonic Plague, link to World History I.7

Smallpox, link to Jeffrey Amherst and the Smallpox Blankets

Plague of Justinian, link to World History I.6

Screen Shot 2017-02-21 at 10.27.35 AM.pngPlay Pandemic II, a game in which you try to spread a virus throughout the world

illustration that appeared in The New York American, June 20, 1909
illustration that appeared in The New York American, June 20, 1909

Typhoid Mary (Mary Mallon), 1907

Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngTerrible Typhoid Mary: A True Story of the Deadliest Cook in America. Susan Bartlett, 2015