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Put the following names on the appropriate locations on the map.

Strait of Hormuz: Only sea passage to the Persian Gulf; key to controlling trade in the Indian Ocean World System

Niger River: Focal point of trade across the western Sahara, and the centre of the kingdoms of Mali and Gao

Ganges River: Longest River in India, flowing through India and Bangladesh; sacred river to Hindus

Amur River: Border between Russian Far North and China; site for struggles for territorial control

Yangtze River: Longest river in Asia; central to economy of China; early humans settled in the Three Gorges area

Yellow River: Second longest river in Asia flowing through China

Strait of Bab-el Mandeb: Strategic link between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean Sea through the Red Sea

Cape Verde: Islands off the west coast of Africa. Key part of the Transatlantic Slave Trade.

Java: Island in Indonesia; center of the Dutch East Indies and Dutch East India Company. Noted for rice production

Moluccas: Spice Islands in Indonesia; Portuguese control in 1512; key for the trade of cloves and nutmeg

Madagascar: Important transoceanic trading hub; Arab traders in the 10th century; French trading post in 17th century

Sumatra: Indonesian island, 6th largest in the world, west of Java. Part of the Dutch East Indies; involved in production of pepper, rubber and oil; Marco Polo visited in 1292; Ibn Battuta visited in 1345-1346

Malay Peninsula: In Southeast Asia encompassing parts of Myanmar and Southern Thailand

Xinjiang: Autonomous region in northwest China; Northern silk road passed through this area; controlled by Mongols under Genghis Kahn

Batavia (Djakarta): Economic center of the island of Java; defacto capital of Dutch East Indies 1619; now capital of Indonesia

Calicut: City of Spices in southern and eastern India; Vasco da Gama opened trade for Portugal in 1498

Aden: Port city in Yemen among sea route between Europe and India; visited by Zheng He and Chinese Treasure Fleet; rule by Ottoman Empire and later Britain

Mogadishu: Capital of Somalia; important Indian Ocean port. Height of prosperity in 1331; resisted Portuguese attempts at occupation

Kilwa: Island off the southwest coast of Tanzania. Most powerful city in 12th century. Brief Portuguese conquest and then defeat

Nanjing: City on Yangtze River; capital for many Chinese dynasties. 2000 ships for the Treasure Fleets were built there

Sichuan: Second largest province in China; economic and politically prosperous because of its fertile soil and abundant forests

Kunming: Capital of Yunnan province; important trade center on the southern Silk Road; visited by Marco Polo

Macau: Autonomous region in China; settled by Portuguese traders in 1550s; in 1999 was the last remaining European colony in Asia; today it is an international center for manufacturing and gambling

Hong Kong: British colony from Treaty of Nanjing, 1842; Britain imported tea and exported luxury items and opium; Opium Wars

Calcutta: British took control in the 1700s; headquarters of the British East India Company, 1772; center of opium trade; first Indian nationalist organization in 1883

Singapore: Initially under Dutch control; then controlled by the British East India Company; early pepper trade; then rubber

Zanzibar: Island part of Tanzania; trading center in the Portuguese Empire for two centuries when it entered the British Empire

Mombasa: City on the coast of Kenya; Portuguese control; export center for ivory, millet and coconuts

Damascus: City in Syria; major caravan center on the Silk Road; ruled by Muslims and then part of the Ottoman Empire from 1500s to World War I

Timbuktu: City in Mali, west Africa. 12th century Mali Empire center for Trans-Sahara trade in salt, gold, ivory and slaves; major center of Islamic learning

Malindi: City on the coast of Kenya: major port in the Indian Ocean trade; visited by Zheng He; Portuguese center in 1500s

Maldives: Indian Ocean country southwest of India.; central stop on Indian Ocean trade; Islam as primary religion; British rule in 1887