external image Neuraminidase_from_1918_influenza.gifImage to the left shows the structure of the neuraminidase from the H1N1 1918 pandemic influenza virus.

Event Overview

1918 Influenza Pandemic from Human Virology at Stanford University


The Great Pandemic: The United States in 1918-1919, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

1918 Influenza: The Mother of All Pandemics, Center for Disease Control, January 2006

1981 Flu Pandemic That Killed 50 Million Originated in China, Historians Say, National Geographic (January 24, 2014)



The 1919 photo to the right shows rows of tents that had been set up on a lawn at Emery Hill in Lawrence, Massachusetts where victims of the 1918 influenza pandemic were treated.
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Primary Sources

The Deadly Virus: The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 has documents and photos from the National Archives

A Letter from Camp Devins, Massachusetts (September 29, 1918)

The Spanish Flu of 1918 has photos and other visual primary sources

1918 Flu Epidemic Oral Histories, Vermont Historical Society

Spanish Flu Death Chart
Spanish Flu Death Chart





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Multimedia Resources

Influenza 1918 from PBS American Experience

Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngA Death-Struck Year, Makiia Lucier. A young girl volunteers in a hospital during the Spanish flu in this young adult novel.


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The Five Deadliest Outbreaks and Pandemics in History, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Deadly Pandemics Through History, University of Toronto Magazine (Winter 2013)

History of Plague, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


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Image to the left shows St Sebastian pleading for the life of a gravedigger afflicted with plague during the Plague of Justinian.

rotating gif.gifLinks to Other Pandemics and Plagues

HIV/AIDS see World HistoryII.45

Bubonic Plague, see World History I.7

Smallpox, see page on Jeffrey Amherst and the Smallpox Blankets

Plague of Justinian, see World History I.6


Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngTerrible Typhoid Mary: A True Story of the Deadliest Cook in America. Susan Bartlett, 2015