The 7Cs of Democratic Teaching

Screen shot 2014-08-07 at 9.54.51 AM.png

Link here to order We, The Students and Teacher: Teaching Democratically in History and Social Studies Classrooms by Robert W. Maloy and Irene S. LaRoche (State University of New York Press, 2015)

Topics on the Page

Defining Democratic Schools
Democratically-Themed Schools
The 7Cs of Democratic Teaching
  • Contrasting
  • Conducting
  • Collaborating
  • Conversing
  • Conferring
  • Co-Constructing
  • Connecting

Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.43.40 AM.png

Defining Democratic Schools

What is Democratic Education?

The Case for Democratic Schools, Michael Apple and James Beane (2007).

Directory of Democratic Education, Alternative Education Resource Organization (2014)

How Students Lead the Learning Experience at Democratic Schools from MindShift (2014)

Multimedia.pngDemocratic Education, Teaching Tolerance
  • Teachers describe what it is like to teach democratically in school classrooms

Democratically-Themed Schools

Screen Shot 2017-12-17 at 12.30.01 PM.png
Instructional Themes, Constitution High School

Constitution High School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Screen Shot 2017-12-17 at 2.15.28 PM.png

Harriet Tubman Democratic High School Albany, New York (now closed)

Lehman Alternative Community School, Ithaca New York

Sudbury Valley School, Framingham, Massachusetts

Fairhaven School Philosophy, Upper Marlboro, Maryland

u.School, Springfield, Missouri

The New School, Kennebunk, Maine

The Clearwater School, Bothell, Washington

Glacier Lake School, St. Ignatius. Montana

Hanover High School, Hanover, New Hampshire

The Democratic School of Hadera, Israel

The 7Cs of DemocraticTeaching

The 7Cs form a heptagon
The 7Cs form a heptagon

Contrasting: Curriculum Coverage and Uncoverage


How Students Learn History Through Uncoverage
    • Teaching Multicultural History
    • Lesson Plan: 10 Most Famous Americans Activity
Politics of Textbooks and Standards
Teaching Ideas for Curriculum Uncoverage
    • Lesson Plan: Teaching the Book Encounter
Opening Up the Textbook (OUT)
  • Why Are Social Studies Textbooks So Difficult to Read
  • Strategies for Opening Up the Textbook
Digital Textbooks/Open Educational Content (OER)

Conducting: Active Learning. Lesson Planning and Interactive Teaching

Screen Shot 2016-02-06 at 10.56.17 AM.png
Page from People's History of American Empire

Active Learning and Student Engagement
Lectures, Attention Span and Student Learning
    • Lesson Plan: Why Do History Teachers Lecture So Much?
Lesson Planning
Teaching with Literature
  • Picture Books
  • Young Adult and Adult Literature
  • Graphic Books
Primary Sources
Group Work and Cooperative Learning
Writing and Poetry Writing Resources
Role Plays/Simulations

external image Freedom_of_Thought_Ben_Franklin.jpg

Collaborating: Decision Making and Power Sharing


Creating Rules with Students
Consensus and Democratic Decision-Making
Robert's Rules and Martha's Rules of Order
Cooperatives as Democratic Organizations and Teacher Led Schools
Anti-Bullying and Safe Schools
Voting in America
School Suspensions and Restorative Discipline

African Americans Vote Harper's Magazine, 1867
African Americans Vote Harper's Magazine, 1867

Conversing: Student Involvement in Discussions and Assessments


Building Collaborative Classroom Cultures
Teaching about Controversy
    • Lesson Plan: Native American Mascots
      • Lesson Plan: Teaching the Atomic Bomb
Discussion Formats
  • Fishbowls
  • Debate, Discussion and Dialogue
  • Online Discussion Tools

Involving Students in Learning Assessment

Conferring: Using Feedback from Students to Guide Teaching Practice


Perspectives and Research on the Use of Student Feedback
MET Project Research
Implementing Student Feedback in the Classroom
National Policies and Practices
  • Examples of State Policies and Practices
    • Massachusetts
    • Connecticut
    • Georgia
    • Hawaii
    • Kentucky
    • Arizona
    • Ohio
    • Arkansas
    • Colorado
Many to Many Wiki by Anna Bauer
Many to Many Wiki by Anna Bauer

Co-Constructing: Technologies and Research in Inquiry-based Learning


Co-Constructing Knowledge with Technology
Identifying Fake News
  • Credible vs. Unreliable Resources
  • Website Evaluation Strategies
Flipped Classrooms
Wikis as a Teaching Technology
Twitter in the Classroom
Polls and Surveys

Connecting: Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement


Civic Learning by Students
  • Civics Test Questions
Community Engagement and Service Learning
  • Mock Trials as a Teaching Strategy
Youth Activism
  • Historical Examples and Teaching Strategies
Sugata Mitra and SOLEs (Self-Organized Learning Environments)

Book Introduction Wordle.png
United States 3 cent Stamp, 1977
United States 3 cent Stamp, 1977