<Standard VI.B


The Fourteenth Amendment

  • Passed July 9, 1868
  • Reconstruction Amendment
  • Based on the Civil Rights Act of 1866
    Brown v. Board of Education, when segregation was declared a violation of the 14th Amendment
    Brown v. Board of Education, when segregation was declared a violation of the 14th Amendment
  • Five Sections:
    • State and federal citizenship for everyone, no matter of race, born or naturalized in the US
    • States are not permitted to limit "privileges and immunities" of citizens
    • No citizen is denied life, liberty, or property without"due process of law"
    • No citizen can be denied "equal protection of the laws"
    • Congress has the power to enforce these laws
  • primary_sources.PNGClick here for the full Amendment text
  • Click here to know more about the Fourteenth Amendment
  • Click here and here to watch a video.

The Slaughterhouse Cases

  • 1873
  • First decision involving the 14th Amendment
  • Louisiana granted monopoly to Crescent City Livestock Landing and Slaughterhouse Company
  • Since LA granted slaughtering rights within New Orleans, the company will follow state regulations on product, price, etc...
    • Independent butchers could be hired at set prices to work for the company
  • Local butchers sued LA on the grounds that forbidding them to operate their slaughterhouses violated their privileges stated in the 14th Amendment
  • The state courts ruled that the law was constitutional, so the butchers appealed it to the Supreme Court
  • Ruling:
    • "privileges and immunities" protected by the 14th Amendment were limited to those specified by the Constitution
    • Do not include rights from individual states
      • The 14th Amendment forbade the states from withholding privileges and immunities belonging to American citizenship, not state
    • The butchers could still make their living by working for Crescent City
  • For additional info, click here
  • Click here for a video about the Slaughterhouse Cases.

  1. Click here and here to read about the impact of the Fourteenth Amendment.

Gay_flag.svg.pngClick here and here for info about the 14th Amendment and gay marriage.
Gay_flag.svg.pngClick here for the US District Court Decision of Perry v. Schwarzenegger, which has been appealed to the Supreme Court.

Multimedia.pngClick here for the history of the 14th Amendment
Multimedia.pngWhat is the 14th Amendment with Peter Sagal
Multimedia.pngClick here for a video on the importance of the 14th Amendment. Includes lesson plan and quiz.

lessonplan.jpgClick here for a lesson plan "The Meaning of the 14th Amendment"
lessonplan.jpgClick here for the lesson plan "How Supreme Court Decisions and Supreme Court Decisions Affect History" from PBS
lessonplan.jpgClick here for a lesson plan on the 14th Amendment

Sources:
1. About.com. 14th Amendment.