Tuskegee Airmen (circa 1942 - Aug 1943)
Tuskegee Airmen (circa 1942 - Aug 1943)

The Tuskegee airmen were the first group of black soldiers allowed to serve in aviation positions


Quill_and_ink.pngWho Were They? from Tuskegee Airmen National Museum

  • They were part of the 99th Pursuit Squadron of fighter planes identified by red tail markings.

  • They provided coverage for bombers flying missions over Europe

  • They were called Black Bird Men (Schwartze Vogelmenschen) by the German military; American bomber crews referred them as Red Tail Angels

Facts and Chronology from Tuskegee University

Nine Myths about the Tuskegee Airmen, by Daniel Haulman, Tuskegee University, October 2011

Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony, 2007
Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony, 2007

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Primary Sources






Mal Whitfield, 1948 Olympics
Mal Whitfield, 1948 Olympics

Mal Whitfield was an Airman and 3 Time Olympic Gold Medalist


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1995 Movie Poster

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Multimedia Resources


The Tuskegee Red-Tailed Angels from Smithsonian Channel

Wings for This Man, U. S. Army Film (1945) on YouTube




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Lesson Plans


Learning Guide to The Tuskegee Airmen from Teach with Movies

rotating gif.gifSee United States History II.15 for more on battles of World War II