USG.4.8 Use a variety of sources, including newspapers, magazines, and the internet to identify significant world political, demographic, and environmental developments. Analyze ways that these developments may affect United States foreign policy in specific regions of the world.


See also USG 3.12

external image Internet.png

multicultural.pngClick here for the 2014 Social Progress Index. This report measures basic human needs, wellbeing, and opportunity in each country.

· The technological revolution has had a profound impact on world, political, demographic and environmental developments.
· To explore the internet and the rise of new media, please check out this article called the Zapatista Effect (named after the 1994 Mexican uprising)
· To receive an academic viewpoint of this subject, please check this thesis by Major Simone Hulme called The Modern Media: The Impact on Foreign Policy

Types of Sources

§ Newspapers- one of the oldest forms to transmit information (typically daily), the newspapers still stands as a hallmark of authority and definitive news
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Front Page of the New York Times
coverage. While circulation has diminished in the last decade, many newspapers have turned to the internet as an alternative means to gain readership. In turn, newspapers which were once regional can now have a global impact.


---Famous Newspapers----
1) New York Times
2) Wall Street Journal
3) Washington Post
4) Los Angeles Times
5) USA Today
6) The Daily Star
7) The Financial Times

Many citizens are concerned with the decline of newspapers fearing the end of hard-line journalism. To read these concerns in greater detail, please check out this link to The Nation feature article called The Life and Death of the Great American Newspaper.”

§ Magazines – also a hallmark of the old forms of media. Magazines have also faced a decline in the previous decade due to the rise of the internet. Magazines can focus on a number of subject matter either wide-reaching like Time or for a selective audience like The Advocate.

---Famous Magazines---
1) Vanity Fair
2) Sports Illustrated
3) Newsweek
4) Time
5) Forbes
6) The Economist (arguably the most respected news publication in the world)
7) Rolling Stone

§ Internet – transform the flow of information to foster greater globalization. With the expansion and greater accessibility of the internet, the world has been transformed in a number of ways. Whether through social networking sites (Facebook) to blogs (Drudge Report-right-leaning or Daily Kosh-left-leaning) to twitter (short comments and status updates), the flow of information is greater than ever before. In addition, there is greater accessibility to video technology, webcasting, and posting pictures.

Examples of the Effect of New Media Sources
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Motto used by Twitter Revolution Participants


Yet this new technology can also serve as forums for extremist groups and showcased great brutality
· The web-posting of the execution of Wall Street Journal journalist Daniel Pearl in 2002. In order to remain some semblance of good taste, there will be no link to post this clip. The video coverage is just too inhuman
· Countries which fight the new age of technology, but highly regulate freedom of speech and expression. A perfect example of this principle would be the People’s Republic of China.
Multimedia.pngIn another example, the leaking of the Abu-Ghraib pictures occurred due the to advancements in technology. To check out the horrors of this scandal, click here
· The expansion of technology has also served great good to voice the principles of freedom against repression. In 2009, a number of Iranians protested the reelection of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and relied heavily on social networking sites like twitter to communicate.
Multimedia.pngCheck out this click from CNN discussing the “Twitter Revolution"
Reading this article outlining the Iranian protests here

The Quick and Dirty Conclusion

· The expansion of technology will definitely have a profound effect on American foreign policy in the coming years. Unlike a previous era where the United States would hide their misgivings (assassination of Arbenz in 1954 in Guatemala, complicity in the death of South Vietnam President Diem in 1963, the Iran-Contras Scandal, etc.), the new age makes it increasingly difficult to keep large government secrets. Information is leaked quicker than ever before and can be easily found on various internet sites.
· Yet there is also a great effect on foreign power. Nations which try to limit the freedoms of the citizens will find it increasingly difficult to squash free speech and expression. While there are always underground dissent movements, the advancement in technology makes networking more accessible.
In the end, the advancements in technology and media mean the United States and other nations are entering a brave new world where information will engage, multiply and divide citizens.




Works Cited
[1] "The Zapatista Effect" Retrieved on April 23, 2010: http://libcom.org/library/zapatista-effect-cleaver
[2] "The Modern Media: The Impact on Foreign Policy. Retrieved on April 23, 2010: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA396608&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf
[3] "The Life and Death of the Great American Newspaper." Retrieved on April 23, 2010 from The Nation: http://www.thenation.com/doc/20090406/nichols_mcchesney
[4} " Abu-Ghraib." Retrieved on April 23, 2010 from Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3909ICRBrE
[5] "Tweeter Revolution." Retrieved on April 23, 2010:http://neteffect.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2009/04/07/moldovas_twitter_revolution