Skip to main content
Create interactive lessons using any digital content including wikis with our free sister product
. Get it on the
Pages and Files
Democratic Teaching Methods
Hidden Histories, Dramatic Events
, Historical Biographies & Special Topic Pages
AP World History
AP United States History
AP Government & Politics
AP Art History
Grades 1 & 2
Grades 3 & 4
Grade 5 (United States History)
Grade 6 (World Geography)
Grade 7 (Ancient/Classical Civilizations)
World History I & II
United States History I & II
Influential Men: World
Infuential Men: U.S.
Influential Women: U. S.
Influential Women: World
Primary Sources: U.S.
Primary Sources: World
Public Domain and Copyright Information
Large Visitor Globe
Feedjit Live Blog Stats
Explain the meaning and responsibilities of citizenship in the United States and Massachusetts.
Focus Question: What has been the changing history and meaning of citizenship in the United States?
15 people taking Oath of Allegiance, Boise Idaho, 2015
How to Become an American Citizen from Department of Homeland Security
To be a citizen at birth you must:
be born in the United States orin certain territories or outlying possessions of the United States and be subject to the jurisdiction of the United States;
have a parent or parents who are citizens at the time of your birth (if you were
and meet other requirements
To become a citizen after birth, you must:
apply for “derived” or “acquired”
citizenship through parents
apply for naturalization
Naturalization Oath of Allegiance to the United States of America
Click here for selections from the U. S. government's
with the option of taking only a sampling of questions.
Flunking Civics: Why American Kids Know So Little
that includes a civics quiz on the streets of Chicago in 2011, from the American Bar Association Journal.
Civic Literacy Exam
from the Intercollegiate Studies Institute. Average score among American adults was 49%.
Edward Laning working on mural for Ellis Island, 1937
History of Citizenship
Who Deserves to be Called an American Citizen?
Annalise Orleck, Dartmouth College
1790 Alien Naturalization Act
Stated only a free white person, who shall have resided within the limits and under the jurisdiction of the United States for the term of two years, may be admitted to become a citizen thereof,"
African American Citizenship
14th and 15th Amendments
14th amendment and citizenship
from the Library of Congress
14th Amendment to the Constitution
This amendment granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed.
In addition, it forbids states from denying any person "life, liberty or property, without due process of law" or to "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Asian American Citizenship
Searching Chinese immigrants for opium, San Francisco, 1876
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Chinese Immigration and the Chinese Exclusion Acts
The Chinese Exclusion Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act: Primary Documents
Native American Citizenship
The image above shows President Calvin Coolidge with four Osage Indians after Coolidge signed the bill granting Indians full citizenship
Indian Citizenship Act of 1924
Congress Grants Citizenship to all Native Americans Born in the U. S., June 24, 1924
Image from University of Houston Law Center
Mexican American Citizenship
America's Forgotten History of Mexican-American Repatriation
, Fresh Air, NPR, September10, 2015
With a scarcity of jobs during the Depression, more than a million people of Mexican descent were sent to Mexico; 60 percent with U.S. citizens
Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s
. Francisco Balderrama and Raymond Rodriguez, 2006
Hernandez V. Texas (1954)
Purposeful exclusion on Mexican-Americans from jury service violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
Remembering Hernandez v. Texas
Citizenship in 21st Century
writing by teachers and students about citizenship in the 21st century
, visit an online exhibit from the National Council for the Social Studies in the National Gallery of Writing.
Click here for an
article regarding a speech given by President Obama on his definition of citizenship
Go here for an
Outline of the requirements for being a resident of Massachusetts
Click for a
, including essays and other resources on "Promoting Active Citizenship"
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"