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Research the platforms of political parties and candidates for state or local government and explain how citizens in the United States participate in public elections as voters and supporters of candidates for public office.
Polling Place, New York City, 1912
Topics on this page include:
History of Voting Rights
for information on the roles of citizens including voting in elections and participating in civic life
United History I.23
for the expansion of voting and women's suffrage
History of Voting Rights
Voting Rights, Minority Turnout and the Next Election
from the Brookings (August 2015)
Includes Voter Turnout, by Race in 2004, 2008 and 2012 Presidential Elections
Voting Machine Booth Choices, 2012
Click here for the text of the
Proposed Right to Vote Amendment to the Constitution
. At present there is no right to vote explicitly set forth in the Constitution.
1960 Electoral College Map
Voting in Early America
from Colonial Williamsburg offers insights into the beginnings of elections in America. See also
for material on voting in the 19th Century.
United States History I.23
for background on voting patterns in the early 1800s.
Timeline: Voting Rights Act
from the ACLU
Voting America: United States Politics, 1840-2008
from the University of Richmond provides interactive maps and other resources for understanding presidential and congressional elections.
America Votes: 1607-2012
from the National Archives.
Voter Suppression Measures Passed Since 2011
from the American Civil Liberties Union.
The Electoral College
What is the Electoral College?
Electoral Reform: One Page, Nine Points
from the Huffington Post provides resources on how the President is elected in the United States. For more about the Electoral College, see
for an example of a literacy test from Louisiana given to black voters in the 1960s.
offers information about all aspects of the election process, including material on
which is allowed in 32 states and produced a significant gain in participation among minority voters.
See also the federal district court decision in
Obama for America v. Husted
that restored early in-person voting on the three days before the 2012 general election in Ohio.
2012 Presidential ElectionGreen Party ballot access. Image by ThrawnRocks.
For more on political parties, see
Political Parties and Elections
What is a Political Party?
Democratic National Committee
Republican National Committee
The Green Party
The Tea Party
Crash Course video about history of US politics
Our Power and Responsibility
features documents and resources for teaching about the first Presidential election in this country.
offers information about the basics of the United States government and offers additional information about politicians.
a website from the Washington Post kept track of campaign spending in the 2012 Presidential election.
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