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Background and Overview

Go here for an historical overview of Vietnam and Southeast Asia History: 1900 to 1950 from the Asia for Educators website at Michigan State University

Background Essay from Teaching the American War: Looking at the Vietnam War through Vietnamese Eyes from Primary Source.org

Click here for "A Brief History of the Vietnam War" from the PBS series, Battlefield Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh, 1946
Ho Chi Minh, 1946

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Primary Sources

Vietnamese Declaration of Independence, 1945

President Johnson's Message to Congress (August 5, 1964) and Joint Resolution of Congress, H.J. RES 1145 (August 7, 1964)

Vietnam War Casualties Listed by Home of Record

Peace in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, Lyndon Johnson's speech to the nation, March 31, 1968 when he announced his intention to limit the war and to not seek re-election in the 1968 election.

Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence speech by Martin Luther King, Jr. April 4, 1967.

Vietnam: An Anti-War Comic Book, written by Julian Bond in 1967 after he was expelled from the Georgia House of Representatives for opposing the war

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Multimedia Sources

Vietnam: A Television History from PBS. This is a link to Episode 1

The Vietnam War: A Story in Photographs from the National Archives provides documentary pictures of virtually every aspect of the war shot by military photographers between 1962 and 1975.

The Vietnam War from Kahn Academy

Listen to a podcast critique of a Pentagon Vietnam War website by historian Nick Turse from the radio show On the Media (February 21, 2014).

The Three Soldiers Statute, Washington, D.C.
The Three Soldiers Statute, Washington, D.C.

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Multicultural Resources

Spotlight on African Americans: Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University

Screen Shot 2016-02-27 at 11.29.04 AM.pngClick here for online excerpts from Amazon.com from UMASS Amherst Professor Christian Appy's book Patriots: The Vietnam War Remembered From All Sides.

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Clay, aka Ali v. United States (1966-1971) details boxer Muhammad Ali's efforts to resist induction into the U.S. Army, a case that went to the Supreme Court and resulted in Ali being stripped of his heavyweight boxing championship.
  • He had converted to Islam and refused to serve, citing religious beliefs.
    • Convicted of draft evasion, fined $10,000, and had his license to box and his passport revoked.
      • Was barred from boxing during the prime of his career, from age 25 to age 29.
        • He regained the title defeating George Forman in 1974 (see "Tough Suspensions in Sports Don't Always Stick," The New York Times, January 12, 2014).
Muhammad Ali, 1966
Muhammad Ali, 1966

Screen Shot 2016-01-04 at 11.33.19 AM.pngClick here to watch a video to see Muhammad Ali's speech about Vietnam War

primary_sources.PNGClick here for the Supreme Court decision in Clay v. United States (1971)

primary_sources.PNGClick here to read a newspaper article from The Guardian when Ali refused to go to war

Screen Shot 2016-04-13 at 3.13.34 PM.pngFor more on the Vietnam War, see