Identify the goals, leadership, and post-war plans of the Allied leaders.

Topics on the Page

Allied Leaders
  • Winston Churchill
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Joseph Stalin
  • Women Leaders of World War II
The Atlantic Charter
Formation of the United Nations
The Marshall Plan

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill, 1943
Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill, 1943

Focus Question: What are the goals, leadership and post-war plans of the Allied leaders?

timeline2_rus.svg.pngFor a timeline of major events in the Allied leaders' lives, click here

Map of Allied Occupied Germany

Quill_and_ink.pngClick on the name to see Historical Biography pages on each Allied leader:

Winston Churchill and Clementine Churchill

Winston Churchill was the prime minister of the United Kingdom during World War II and collaborated on the Atlantic Charter with Franklin Roosevelt, the president of the United States.
  • Churchill helped develop Operation Unthinkable. This was a plan that would cause a war between the USSR and the United Kingdom. The plan was cancelled when the United States president Truman rejected the idea.
  • Operation Unthinkable

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D Roosevelt was the president of the United States for most of WWII.
  • He died before the end of the Second World War but his vision for the future.
    • A few months before his death in February 1945 he attended the Yalta Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin to discuss Europe's post WWII organization. The leaders agreed to free elections in Eastern Europe and for Russia to enter the war against Japan in exchange for the lands they lost in the Russo-Japanese War. After the war though Stalin did not follow through on his promise of free election.

Multimedia.pngRoosevelt's Declaration of War

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union during WWII and helped push German forces back on the Eastern front.
  • He gained lots of land for the Soviet Union after WWII and created the soviet Iron Curtain and was a staunch communist.
  • During the war he met with leaders Churchill and Roosevelt at the Quebec Conference in August 1943 to discuss creating an international organization with members from every country that would try to work out issues through diplomacy and keep the peace to prevent another World War.
  • This lead to the creation of the United Nations where Russia became a permanent member of the security council granting them the power to veto which they still have to this day.
  • Stalin during WWII

womens history.jpgWomen Leaders

Click here for a site listing female leadership during World War II

The Atlantic Charter

external image 110731-004-BF4641CD.jpgChurchill and Roosevelt during the signing of the Atlantic Charter.
primary_sources.PNGThe Atlantic Charter, agreed to by FDR and Churchill in 1941, declared that all nations should have sovereignty over their people. It is likely that Roosevelt would have pushed hard for this aim in the postwar world.

Rotating_globe-small.gifA news article about a new statue unveiled in Yalta which represents the Big Three

Formation of the United Nations

Female_Rose.pngEleanor Roosevelt, FDR's wife, was outspoken in her attempt to ensure human rights for all in the postwar world.

See **World History II.29** for more on the establishment of the United Nations in 1945.

The Marshall Plan

Go to World History II.31 for more on the Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan was a plan to rebuild Western Europe after WWII and to try to stop communism from spreading across all of Europe.
  • The Economic Cooperation act was passed in March 1948 and gave over 12 billion dollars to help rebuild Europe.
  • This helped European countries re-industrialize and stimulated the U.S. government.
  • The Marshall Plan
  • Marshall Plan explained

Works Cited:
Winston Churchill. Retrieved March 8, 2007, from Spartacus Educational Web site: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRchurchill.htm
Winston Churchill. Retrieved March 8, 2007, from IEE Virtual Museum Web site: http://www.ieee-virtual-museum.org/collection/people.php?id=1234765&lid=1Franklin D. Roosevelt. Retrieved March 8, 2007, from The White House Web site: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/fr32.html
Joseph Stalin: Soviet Premier. Retrieved March 8, 2007, from CNN Interactive Web site: http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/stalin/
Joseph Stalin: Soviet Premier. Retrieved March 8, 2007, Web site: http://www.rusnet.nl/nl/encyclo/s/stalin.shtmlhttp://www.number-10.gov.uk/output/Page134.asp