World Geography

Grade 6: World Geography


Five Themes of Geography
  • Place: How a specific place on Earth looks either human or physical characteristics
  • Location: A specific spot on Earth. Location is determined using two methods, absolute location, which uses coordinates or relative, where you describe a spot on Earth using neighboring locations.
  • Movement: How goods, services, people and ideas are exchanged and travel from place to place
  • Region: The specific human and physical characteristics found in a place.
  • Human Environmental Interaction: How humans live, work and change a place (from Yale 2012 PIER Summer Institute Global Movement)

Go here for a special topic page on Five Themes of Geography



General Resources for Learning about Geography

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Your Life on Earth. See how the earth has changed since you were born with this interactive website from BBC.


NASA Blue Marble of Eastern Hemisphere, October 2011
NASA Blue Marble of Eastern Hemisphere, October 2011

OrteliusWorldMap.jpegVisit here for an interactive world map relating population density, global fertility and GDP.

Visit here for an interactive map of disappearing languages around world. There are about 7000 languages spoken in the world and half may disappear before the end of the 21st century.


MAP.jpgHow Many Countries Are There in the World in 2014? from the blog, Political Geography Now.

The World's 10 Fastest Growing Metropolitan Areas from the Brookings Institution, February 10, 2015.

Multimedia.pngVisit here for CyArk Hazard Map that identifies threats to world heritage sites around the globe.

game_icon.svg.pngWorld Wonders Project from Google that makes world heritage and historical sites available using Google's street view technology.

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  • Click here for lesson plans on geography from Mr. Donn.
  • Click here for geography lesson plans from Annenberg Learner
  • The Story of Cities, a 50 part series on the history of urbanization from The Guardian

apps.pngPractice your geography skills with this TapQuiz Map App!

Political Independence

Independence or Birthday for Every Country



Mnemonic for Oceans: I Ate Some Apple Pie for Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean, and Pacific Ocean
Mnemonic for Continents: Eat An Apple As A Nighttime Snack for Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, North America, and South America


Africa

AfricaCIA-HiRes.jpg

A.1 On a map of the world, locate the continent of Africa, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Great Rift Valley. On a map of Africa, locate the northern, eastern, western, central, and southern regions of Africa, the Sahara Desert, the Nile River, Lake Victoria, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Cape of Good Hope. (G)


A.2 Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in Africa. (G, E)


A.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major African regions and countries. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size

A.4 Identify the locations and time periods of the sub-Saharan empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. (H, G)


A.5 Identify when modern African countries became independent nations and explain how independence was achieved. (H, G)


Western Asia (the Middle East)Middle_east_graphic_2003.jpg

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, area governed by the Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

WA.1 On a map of the world, locate Western Asia, or the Middle East. On a map of the Middle East, locate the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea, Red Sea, Indian Ocean, Arabian Peninsula, and the Persian Gulf. (G)


WA.2 Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in the Middle East. (G, E)


WA.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major Middle Eastern countries. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size

WA.4 Locate and describe the various ethnic and religious groups of the Middle East. (G, H, C, E)


WA.5 Identify when the countries in the Middle East became independent nations and explain how independence was achieved. (H, G)



Central and South AsiaCaucasus_central_asia_political_map_2000.jpg

Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Kasakhstan, Kyrgystan, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

CSA.1 On a map of the world, locate Central and South Asia. On a map of Central and South Asia, locate the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, the Ganges River, the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the Northern Mountains, the Deccan Plateau, the Himalayan Mountains, and the Steppes. (G)


CSA.2 Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities in Central and South Asia. (G, E)


CSA.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major Central and South Asian countries. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size

CSA.4 Identify when India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Central Asian republics first became independent countries and explain how independence was achieved. Explain the relationship of the Central Asian republics to the former Soviet Union. (H, G)



Southeast Asia and OceaniaSoutheast_asia.jpg

Brunei, Cambodia, Guan (U.S.), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.), Palau, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

SEAO.1 On a map of the world, locate Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica, the major Pacific Islands, the Pacific Ocean, and the Coral Sea. On a map of Southeast Asia and Oceania, locate the Bay of Bengal, the South China Sea, the Great Victoria Desert, and the Great Barrier Reef. (G)


SEAO.2 Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in the various regions of Southeast Asia, Australia, and the major Pacific Islands. (G, E)


SEAO.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major countries of Southeast Asia and Oceania. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size

SEAO.4 Identify when countries in Southeast Asia and Oceania became independent countries and describe how independence was achieved. (G, H)

North and East AsiaMap_of_China.png

China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, Russia, South Korea.

NEA.1 On a map of the world, locate North and East Asia, the Pacific Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. On a map of East Asia, locate the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, the Gobi Desert, the Himalayas, and the Huang He (Yellow) and Chang Jiang (Yantgtze) Rivers. On a map of North Asia, locate Siberia and the Yenisey, Lena, and Kolyma rivers. (G)


NEA.2 Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities in the various regions of East Asia. (G, E)


NEA.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major East Asian countries. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size

NEA.4 Identify when Taiwan, North Korea, South Korea, and Mongolia became independent countries and describe how independence was achieved. (G, H)



EuropeEurope_map_CIA_2005_large.jpg

Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Channel Islands (U.K.), Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Gibraltar (U.K.), Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City, Yugoslavia.

E.1 On a map of the world, locate the continent of Europe. On a map of Europe, locate the Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Norwegian Sea, and Barents Sea. Locate the Volga, Danube, Ural, Rhine, Elbe, Seine, Po, and Thames Rivers. Locate the Alps, Pyrenees, and Balkan Mountains. Locate the countries in the northern, southern, central, eastern, and western regions of Europe.


E.2 Use a map key to locate countries and major cities in Europe. (G)


E.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major European countries. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size


South AmericaMap_of_South_America.jpg

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands (U.K.), French Guiana (Fr.), Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.

SAM.1 On a map of the world, locate South America and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. On a map of South America, locate the Amazon, the Andes Mountains, Cape Horn, and the southern, northern, eastern, and western regions of South America. (G)


SAM.2 Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities of South America. (G, E)


SAM.3 Explain how the following five factors have influenced settlement and the economies of major South American countries. (G, E)

A. absolute and relative locations
B. climate
C. major physical characteristics
D. major natural resources
E. population size

SAM.4 Identify when South American countries became independent nations and explain how independence was achieved. (H, G).



Geography Resource List for Teachers and Students

Professors and Teachers on Geography: Some individual points of view


Image IDs from left to right:

1. Africa, from Wikimedia Commons, "AfricaCIA-HiRes".
2. Map of the Middle East, from Wikimedia Commons, "Middle east graphic 2003".
3. Map of Central Asia, from Wikimedia Commons, "Caucasus central asia political map 2000".
4. Map of Southeast Asia, from Wikimedia Commons, "Southeast asia".
5. Map of Eastern China, from Wikimedia Commons, "Map of China".
6. Map of Europe, from Wikimedia Commons, "Europe map CIA 2005 large".
7. Map of South America, from Wikimedia Commons, "Map of South America".