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Departure for the New World.  Image from 1893
Departure for the New World. Image from 1893

Key Concept 2.1: Europeans developed a variety of colonization and migration patterns, influenced by different imperial goals, cultures, and the varied North American environments where they settled, and they competed with each other and American Indians for resources.

rotating gif.gifFor more, see
  • Grade 5.3 on European explorers in North and South America


  • Grade 5.5 on
    • Dutch settlements in New York
    • French settlements in Canada
    • Spanish settlements in Florida, the Southwest and California

  • Grade 5.6 on relationships between Native peoples and European settlers

USCapitol - Preservation of Captain Smith by Pocahontas, 1606
USCapitol - Preservation of Captain Smith by Pocahontas, 1606

  • Grade 3.4 for material on the Pilgrims and Puritans in Massachusetts

  • Grade 5.5 for Spanish Exploration
    • Florida
    • California



Key Concept 2.2: The British colonies participated in political, social, cultural, and economic exchanges with Great Britain that encouraged both stronger bonds with Britain and resistance to Britain’s control.

Additional Teaching and Learning Resources


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.European Diseases..........

and Native Peoples

Native American Experiences.....

and Jamestownfds

African American

Experiences


external image Beautiful_red_apple.jpgAmerican Beginnings: The European Presence in North America: 1492-1690.



Biography icon for wiki.png Multimedia.png Many historians agree that although Christopher Columbus did not "discover" the Americas, he played a leading role in beginning exploration and colonization across the Atlantic Ocean.


external image Christopher_Columbus6.jpg
European Diseases and Native Peoples

Disease and Catastrophe from LearnNC

Massive Population Drop Found for Native Americans, DNA Shows from National Geographic, December 2011

The Story of Smallpox and other Deadly Eurasian Germs from the Guns, Germs and Steel website on PBS.

European Disease in the New World

Health Conditions Before Columbus: Paleopathology of Native North Americans from National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Click here for The Columbian Biological Exchange, a chart showing the exchanges produced by European encounters with the New World.

Timeline of European Disease Epidemics among American Indians

New Hypothesis for Cause of Epidemic among Native Americans in New England, 1616-1619 from Emerging Infectious Diseases, National Library of Medicine

Go here for more on plagues in history

Rotating_globe-small.gif Native American Experiences and Jamestown



  • For background information on the Powhatan Indian world, see this link from the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation. This same site also has primary sources and lesson plans on historic Jamestown and its history.



Hernando DeSoto, on white horse, first European to view the Mississippi River,1541.
Hernando DeSoto, on white horse, first European to view the Mississippi River,1541.

game_icon.svg.pngClick here for an interactive map of colonial exploration of North America, 1492-1700.
Logo for Jamestown Exposition, 1907 World's Fair
Logo for Jamestown Exposition, 1907 World's Fair


Multimedia.pngVirtual Jamestown a digital teaching and learning project.

National Park Service Historic Jamestown



Multimedia.pngSee Desperate Crossing: The Untold Story of the Mayflower from the History Channel. This is a link to Part I of the video on YouTube.

rotating gif.gifSee Grade 5.9 for the Mayflower Compact and other resources about the political language of colonial institutions.


multicultural.pngAfrican American Experiences


  • For a modern day perspective, see The Cooking Gene, a blog by culinary historian Michael W. Twitty that explores the historical development of African American foodways and Southern cuisine.
  • African Passages, LowCountry Adaptations is an online exhibition series about the history of slavery and the trans-Atlantic slave trade in Charleston, South Carolina and the surrounding Lowcountry region from the College of Charleston.
rotating gif.gifFor more about slavery and the transatlantic slave trade, see World History I 20