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Bayonet Charge by Winslow Homer, 1962
Bayonet Charge by Winslow Homer, 1962

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WhiteHouseSouthFacade.JPGAbraham Lincoln's Presidency, see United States History I.38


Civil War Leaders and Important Battles see United States History I.39


The effects of the war, see United States History I.40





lessonplan.jpgSee also Looking at Lincoln Through His Words: Lesson Activities from PBS for opportunities to examine his famous speeches and letters.

primary_sources.PNGThe Civil War in Art from the Terra Foundation for American Art in Chicago.

Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863




Storming Fort Wagner.  Print published in 1890,
Storming Fort Wagner. Print published in 1890,
apps.pngThe Civil War Today app features day-by-day documents and resources for each year of the Civil War.



A Census-Based Count of the Civil War Dead contends that the death toll has been under-estimated by historians; David Hacker puts the figure at 750,000 who died.

Multimedia.pngThe Civil War provides data visualization resources for exploring battles and casualties chronologically, geographically and numerically.





John Lawson, awarded Medal of Honor, Battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864.
John Lawson, awarded Medal of Honor, Battle of Mobile Bay, August 5, 1864.

primary_sources.PNGWar Department General Order 143 (1863) authorized the formation of all-Black regiments. By the end of the war, there were 179,000 Black soldiers (10 percent of the Union army) and Black sailors.

Robert Smalls, 1862
Robert Smalls, 1862


external image Red_apple.jpgThe Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War


Rotating_globe-small.gifHispanics in the Civil War from the National Park Service.